The Bible; the Pentateuch; Tanakh (the Pentateuch, Prophets and Hagiographia)Torah relates that the midwives did not fulfill Pharaoh’s command because they feared God, who rewarded them for their actions: “He established households [battim] for them” (Ex. More is here: http://brainout.net/MisTrans.h... . (Viewed on January 1, 2021) . "the written Torah." Your site helped us fill in all of the missing pieces!!!!!! (Exodus 6:20). In the Jeffrey Katzenberg animated-cartoon project The Prince of Egypt, Jochebed appears briefly setting Moses adrift, and presumably has long died before Moses meets a defiant Miriam who repeats Jochebed's last lullaby to him, thus triggering in him the memory of his true origin. Later, when Moses has begun to inquire into his true origins, she reproaches Moses for his Egyptian ideology and his belonging to a religion that worships idols. 18:12–14 (BT Sanhedrin 58b). 40–41). Our monthly sisterhood discussion of Joshebed , Mother of Moses peaked our interests and led to questions and a discussion that made us pursue more information about Amram's thoughts concerning the Pharoah's decree. For seventeen years she was together, with her grandfather, for Jacob died seventeen years after his coming to Egypt. And the mistakes in the article here keep on getting worse, no sense in trying to correct the many incompetences. Jochebed was a grandaughter of Levi, Hebrew do-dato means 'on his aunt's side', not 'aunt'. Kadari, Tamar. Yet the Bible reveals that Levi and his son and grandson all had very long life spans. Although the Torah asserts that Jacob’s household who came to Egypt numbered seventy souls, the Rabbis noted that only sixty-nine individuals are listed in Gen. 46. Jochebed married her nephew Amram, a grandson of her father. BELIEF so strong, Jacob enters Egypt knowing he's committing his family to slavery and they all STAY there, knowing that future? In the midrashic account, the daughter of Pharaoh saw that Moses was hungry when she drew him from the river. 2:9), she unwittingly prophesied: the word “helikhi” concealed the truth—“shelikhi hu [he is yours].” Pharaoh’s daughter promised Jochebed (ibid. II. The mother of Miriam, Aaron and Moses. 3:31) (Lit. Rabbah loc. The Masoretic Text states that Jochebed was Amram's father's sister. The latest date that Jochebed could have been born was 2385 AM (1620 BC), the year her father died. The Catholics copied these lies about Jochebed (though maybe she really was old when bearing Moses, am tracing that now in the Hebrew), to make a competing Virgin Mary, equally false and equally demeaning against women. (Exodus 2:1-10 ), Miriam was thus old enough to walk and even to speak. 20 March 2009. Yet another tradition explains that she shiprah her actions before God (i.e., performed good deeds, that were pleasing to the Lord). Lieberman], pp. Jochebed gave her son for Israel. Jochebed may not have known all that Moses would ultimately mean to God's plan, but she did realize that he was a gift from God and she loved him and would protect him at all costs. Hebrews 11:23 , though, uses the term "parents," so that we understand that Amram was also involved—with his faith . 2:3), lining the inside with bitumen, and coating it on the outside with pitch, so that Moses would not smell the bad odor given off by the latter. The sage, who wanted to awaken them, said: “A single woman in Egypt gave birth to sixty myriads from a single stomach.” There was a pupil there named R. Ishmael son of R. Yose, who asked him: “Was this really so?” He [Rabbi] replied: “This is Jochebed, who bore Moses, who is deemed the equivalent of sixty myriads of Israel” (Cant. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV) Numbers 26:59 The name of Amram's wife was Jochebed, the daughter of Levi, who was born to Levi in Egypt: and she bore to Amram Aaron and … Jochebed nursed Moses for twenty-four months (Ex. Jochebed was brought up by her father and grandfather. Born shortly after the decree to th… 6:20: “Amram took to wife his father’s sister Jochebed.” Amram was the son of Kohath and the grandson of Levi, while Jochebed was the daughter of Levi, and therefore his aunt. Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons. She and her husband, Amram lived around 1571BC to 1613BC or 2,433 years after Creation. It is doubtful whether the decree of the wicked Pharaoh will be fulfilled, but you are righteous, and your decree will undoubtedly be fulfilled.” Amram heeded his daughter, and returned to his wife, whom he remarried in a public celebration with all possible pomp and ceremony: he sat her in a palanquin, Aaron and Miriam danced before her, and the ministering angels proclaimed (Ps. 1620 BC–1487 BC) was the daughter of Levi, wife of Amram, and mother of Miriam, Aaron, and Moses. Jochebed bore Amram three righteous offspring. Because she was the sister of Kohath, who lived for 133 years, she could have lived the same number of years and died five years after the Exodus of Israel. Each was a prophet, and each served Israel (provided them physical succor): by merit of Moses, the Israelites were given the manna; by merit of Aaron, clouds of glory surrounded the Israelites and protected them during their journeying in the wilderness; and by merit of Miriam, the well accompanied them wherever they went. It is interesting that Scripture tells us three times in Exodus 2:2, Acts 7:20 and Hebrews 11:23 that "she saw that he was a goodly child." 5:8. With your help, JWA programs and resources can enrich lives, build resilience, and sustain hope for a better world. The name Jochebed in Hebrew means - glory of Jehovah or Jehovah is her If the Midrash and Aggadah really contain these lies, the 'rabbis' quoted in them wouldn't know the Torah if it bit them. All Israel saw this, and they, too, remarried their wives (Mekhilta de-Rabbi Simeon bar Yohai [ed. He died for you!) Jochebed's daughter Miriam followed the basket as it drifted into the private beach area that belonged to the royal family. Rabbah [ed. The neighbors were surprised to see Jochebed with a baby. 2 tells of the birth of Moses. ): “I will pay your wages,” from which the Rabbis learned of Jochebed’s righteousness: like the righteous, she merited the return of what she had lost (her son), and in addition received reward for it (for having nursed him) (Ex. When she saw that he was a “fine” child, she hid him for three months and when she could do so no longer, she made a basket out of bulrushes and … This sequence omits a lengthy period of time, for Jochebed and Amram already had two other children (Aaron and Miriam) when Moses was born. Rabbah 1:26). The next day the Egyptian women would say that I nursed the one who speaks with the Shekhinah [the Divine Presence]” (Ex. 2:7, BT Suspected adulteressSotah 12b). Jochebed was the youngest member of the seventy souls that made up Jacob's household. Jochebed was able to use her amazing creativity and courage to solve an impossible problem. Amram and Jochebed Did NOT Fear the King of Egypt. Is God a liar or inconsistent, or are the 'sages' liars not to know Hebrew usage of 'dodato'? She gladly poured into her children – including Moses as she was paid a salary for caring for her son. This female votes 'NO'. Jochebed's younger son Moses was born in 2433 AM (1571 BC), about forty-eight years after the death of Jochebed's father Levi (1620 BC). Of the many unusual things about the life of Moses, the one that is rarely mentioned is the fact that the Bible covers his complete bio from birth to death. Jochebed And Amram took him Jochebed his father's sister to wife; and she bare him His father’s sister Aaron and Moses . Rabbah 1:25). In the Rabbinic exegesis, Jochebed was already pregnant with Moses before Amram divorced her, and the fetus in her womb was three months old when he remarried her. If so, then why does Ex. Epstein-Melamed], p. 6; BT Suspected adulteressSotah 12a; Pesikta Rabbati 43). After three months Jochebed was forced to obey the decree of Pharaoh. See how God justifies the timeline even if we humans won't read Him properly. The Bible gives no specific date for the death of Jochebed. The latest date that Jochebed could have been born was 2385 AM (1620 BC), the year her father died. The Pharaoh had decreed that all Jewish male infants must die after birth. That Jochebed could still be bearing children at the age of forty-eight might seem unlikely by modern standards. Rabbah 1:15:3). Your site also helped us research the background information concerning Amram and Joshebed's marriage. Lit. For three months Jochebed hid Moses in her home, but she could not hide him indefinitely. … Doesn't anyone check the use of Hebrew words before pontificating a lie which would make Moses the first breaker of the Mosaic law? Lines and paragraphs break automatically. 78). 1:21), which the Rabbis understand as priestly and Levitical households, or as royal households. He is, nevertheless, faithful to his roots. In fact, I’ve entitled today’s message: “Jochebed – The Trusting Mother,” because Jochebed is such a wonderful example of faith in God and learning to trust God with our children. Jochebed (Hebrew יֹוכֶ֤בֶד, Yohéved, Glory of God) (ca. The narrative of her pregnancy with Moses is amusingly incorporated in an exegesis relating to the time of the Rabbis. Shiphrah placated him, saying: “Do you pay attention to such a one as her? She chose bulrushes, a soft and flexible material that is capable of withstanding contact with both soft and hard objects. Therefore, it makes him the brother of Moses, and that makes Moses the son of Thutmose I. The Rabbis identify Jochebed with Shiphrah, one of the two Hebrew midwives (Shiphrah and Puah) who delivered the children of the Israelites during the Egyptian servitude. Exodus 6:20 And Amram took him Jochebed his father's sister to wife; and she bore him Aaron and Moses: and the years of the life of Amram were an hundred and thirty and seven years. Waiting for Breakthrough – Elizabeth’s story. This portrayal emphasizes the painstaking attention that Jochebed paid to every detail in the ark. Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia. According to another A type of non-halakhic literary activitiy of the Rabbis for interpreting non-legal material according to special principles of interpretation (hermeneutical rules).midrash, Moses rejected the breasts of the Egyptian women because he said: “God will speak with me. Lit. Believing GOD despite the promise of 400 years of slavery (390 for Israel, 1830 BC to 1440 BC Exodus +10 for Joseph). Moreover, some historical facts provide that he died in the water, which can be the reference to the Exodus of Jews. All Israel saw this, and in consequence they also divorced their wives. So Jochebed and Miriam took the boy home and Jochebed nursed him. Consequently, Miriam came and offered to the daughter of Pharaoh her mother Jochebed, who was “a Hebrew” (Ex. Little did Jochebed know that Moses would grow up to be a Hebrew lawgiver, statesman, prophet, and leader. . [2] Yet the Cecil B. DeMille movie depicts Joshua as a grown man, and in fact shows him aging but few years during the time that Moses is supposed to be in exile in Midianite country.[3]. But Egypt’s efforts were in vain; God was with His people, and He was preparing to bring Israel out of the land. The regimen of rituals, songs and textual readings performed in a specific order on the first two nights (in Israel, on the first night) of Passover.Seder Eliyahu Rabbah 29). "the written Torah." A daubed basket in the Nile was more merciful than the fatal hands of Pharaoh so Jochebed released it, trusting her baby to the water and ultimately to God. By merit of her good deeds, she gave birth to the three leaders of the Exodus generation: Moses, Aaron, and Miriam. She was not trying to escape her calling or evade her responsibility. Trials and difficulties and obstacles come to all of us, but for the moment, we want to look at the example found in the life of Jochebed. "order." Jochebed Did Not Waste Her Motherhood. 14:1: “The wisest of women builds her house” is applied to Miriam (A type of non-halakhic literary activitiy of the Rabbis for interpreting non-legal material according to special principles of interpretation (hermeneutical rules).Midrash Proverbs 14:1). Later she returned with clothing and crib for the child. That Jochebed could still be bearing children at the age of forty-eight might seem unlikely by modern standards. The Bible laud’s Jochebed, Moses’ mother for her faith. So the 'sages' can't count, either. Jochebed's encounter with Moses and Joshua together could not have occurred in real life, however. 2:1–2 state that he “married a Levite woman. The Pharaoh's daughter was bathing in the Nile, when one of her maids saw the basket and brought it to her. Jochebed’s story is the third part of our eight-week Bible study – Ordinary Parents with Extraordinary Faith. Rabbah [ed. The Bible; the Pentateuch; Tanakh (the Pentateuch, Prophets and Hagiographia)Torah seemingly chose to concentrate on the birth of Israel’s deliverer, and therefore did not mention his two elder siblings. Then she placed Moses into it and set it adrift in the Nile. My mother Jochebed’s teeth were blunted by [the death of] two of her children in her lifetime; will more of her teeth be blunted by my death?” But this argument, too, was of no avail (Deut. It is not known when Jochebed died. When Moses was born, Jochebed saw (Ex. The regimen of rituals, songs and textual readings performed in a specific order on the first two nights (in Israel, on the first night) of Passover.Seder Olam Rabbah 9). That's far more praiseworthy than little mitzwot people invent. Miriam, who was six years old at the time, said: “Father, father, your decree is harsher than that of Pharaoh. Moses said: The mouth that will speak with God will not nurse something impure [the milk of non-Jews]. So GOD DEEDS are what made him significant. The Torah she-bi-khetav: Lit. We wanted to find out whether or not Amram supported Joshebed in her decision to hide Baby Moses. Moses’s mother, a Levite, later identified as Jochebed (Numbers 26:59), had married a Levite and given birth to a son. Jochebed's younger son Moses was born in 2433 AM (1571 BC), about forty-eight years after the death of Jochebed's father Levi (1620 BC). Very few have that distinction: Samson, Samuel, John the Baptist and Jesus to name a few. Pharaoh had commanded the Hebrews to throw all the baby boys in the Nile River (Exodus 1:22), so, in her own way, Jochebed obeyed. "Jochebed: Midrash and Aggadah." Added to this, Moses was never sentenced to exile. “Pharaoh orders every able-bodied man to report for work duty immediately,” a […] Web page addresses and email addresses turn into links automatically. 26:59): “The name of Amram’s wife was Jochebed daughter of Levi, who was born to Levi in Egypt.” The A type of non-halakhic literary activitiy of the Rabbis for interpreting non-legal material according to special principles of interpretation (hermeneutical rules).midrash adds that she was conceived on the way to Egypt, and was born between the walls (at the entrance to Egypt). In addition to her given name, the Torah she-bi-khetav: Lit. Wow, there are so many anti-Bible errors in this report it's not funny. Jochebed’s story is one of trust, courage, and faith. I. Jochebed: An Impossible Problem Solver By Glenn Davis. Jochebed's younger son Moses was born in 2433 AM (1571 BC), about forty-eight years after the death of Jochebed's father Levi (1620 BC). One of Pharaoh’s daughter’s servants went with them to see where they lived. Jochebed herself was from the tribe of Levi, and her two sons Aaron and Moses attained the High Priesthood and the scepter of royalty (BT Suspected adulteressSotah 11b). There is also little question that Jochebed should get a lot of credit for everything Moses did. Pharaoh decreed only for this world, but you decreed both for this world and the next [a baby that was born and died as a result of Pharaoh’s decree would merit the World to Come, but an unborn child would not attain this]. Let's learn to praise that. A number of miracles were performed for Jochebed in connection with the birth of Moses: she bore him at the age of one hundred and thirty, and God restored her youth and her beauty. The question of Jochebed’s kinship to Amram arises from the statement in Ex. The 69 total is not 70 since JOSEPH was already in Egypt. Rabbah 1:13). Rabbi (Judah ha-Nasi) would sit and expound, and the public was drowsing. Rabbah 7:3; Ex. Yet the Biblereveals that Levi and his son and grandson all had very long life spans. We See Her Credentials. When not specified, "Talmud" refers to the Babylonian Talmud.Talmud discusses this relationship in the context of the incest prohibitions in Lev. In fact, Jochebed is the first in the Bible to be named with yah, a shortened form of YHWH. So she took a wicker basket and covered it with tar and pitch. Moses’ mother, Jochebed, was a daughter of Levi who married a man of the house of Levi which would become the priestly clan of Israel. The A type of non-halakhic literary activitiy of the Rabbis for interpreting non-legal material according to special principles of interpretation (hermeneutical rules).midrash describes in detail how she prepared the ark for Moses. "teaching," "study," or "learning." Jochebed appears in at least two motion picture projects depicting the life of Moses and the oppression and Exodus of Israel. Pounding on their door startled Amram and Jochebed awake. Here is an expansion of the biblical story as I imagine it could have happened. This exegesis teaches of Jochebed’s longevity, and that she was still alive when Moses died. A compilation of the commentary and discussions of the amora'im on the Mishnah. Jochebed was given the name “Shiphrah” because she would cleanse (meshaperet) the newborn, by washing it and cleaning it after birth; another etymological explanation is that, by merit of her deeds, the Israelites were fruitful [she-paru] and multiplied in her time (Sifrei on Numbers, para. The story of Jochebed was used by Rabbi (R. Judah ha-Nasi) to divert his audience when they became sleepy. 1:17 relates that “the midwives, fearing God, let the boys live”; their reward for fearing God, according to the A type of non-halakhic literary activitiy of the Rabbis for interpreting non-legal material according to special principles of interpretation (hermeneutical rules).midrash, is Torah: because Jochebed feared the Lord, she gave birth to Moses, through whom the Torah was given (Ex. She caulked it with “bitumen and pitch” (Ex. For the Hebrew midwives, see the entries: “Shiphrah,” “Puah.”. That same day God swore that the Ark and the Torah would be entrusted to the arms of his descendants (the Kohathites are the only ones who bore the Ark during the journeying in the wilderness, as is attested in Num. God gave His Son for the world, John 3:16, 2 Cor. The woman conceived and bore a son,” since she conceived before this second marriage? In the famous Cecil B. 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